Pomeranian mix the cute and the even cutter part VII- Urinary problems

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Increase in water consumption indication

Sometimes your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s urinary incontinence is due to over consumption of water. Some diseases like kidney problems, diabetes, and spinal injuries lead to increase in water consumption in an excessive way, too much for the any dog’s bladder to handle, this is even clearer in toy dog breeds like Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dogs. What dog owners should keep an eye on is the excessive water their dogs are drinking, with a constant feeling of thirst, their urine too becomes very diluted.

You could confirm any doubts you have, by taking your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog to the vet and request a “specific gravity” test, in which the biochemical contents of your dog’s urine is compared to water (water is the measurement because it has non). If the results indicated excessive water consumption, your vet should follow this test with blood sample to indicate the specific cause of this excessive use of water.

In case of spinal or pelvic injuries, your dog will have to undergo more x rays and scans to determine the injury place, effect, and the right treatment for it.

 Surgical intervention

The worst case scenarios, surgical intervention could be a necessity to tighten the muscles in case of deformities or kidney stones. There are two surgeries known to be used in urinary incontinence treatment.

  • One of them is called Colposuspension: in this procedure is specific to female Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dogs. In it the vet repositions your dog’s bladder, in the abdominal cavity, so the bladder muscles despite their weakness will be supported by the resistance of the uterus. This will enable your female Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog to control the urine flow and dripping. You could think of this surgery as a second lining to a weak and worn out layer. It works as thickening and supporting procedure.
  • Cystourethropexy: is the same previous surgical procedure but for your male Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog. The concept is the same but in this surgery, the male bladder is attached to the abdominal muscles and fibers to provide more support and strength.

Is there only one type of gastrointestinal upset for dogs?

The easy answer is yes, gastrointestinal is simply a digestive disorder which means any disorder or problem in the digestive tract, digestion or food absorption process is considered a gastrointestinal upset yet the degree of severity and the syndrome of each is different. These digestive or gastrointestinal diseases some of which are caused by parasites, worms, or infections while others may happened due to physical hindrance or obstruction caused by a tumor, physical deformity, or bloating.

  • Acute gastroenteritis: This is the slightest and easiest one of the gastrointestinal upset diseases. It happens simply when your beautiful tiny and cute Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog eats something bad for him, either you chose a type of food that does not suit him very well, or he ate something from the kitchen sneaking in while you were not looking at him. Devouring something he should not eat is quite the name for Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog, as curious and inquisitive dogs they are looking for trouble that is why the trigger for the gastrointestinal upset includes toxic plants, and non-food objects. Your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog might suffer this acute gastroenteritis as a result of going through a stressful situation or situation like you starting to leave him alone, buying another new pet, crowded dog parks, new training he can’t acquire or learn,.. etc. Or it could be due to contracting some intestinal parasites or worms.

The good news is that as the name suggest, this digestive disorder is very acute and simple, the symptoms vary from diarrhea and loose stool, to vomiting containing bile, fresh blood, digested blood (more dark in color like coffee grains). A slight abdominal pain sign could be showed by your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog, in this position the dog bend down his stomach and fore paws to touch the ground, while he raises the second hinder parts, it is very similar to the submissive position he acquires when he is afraid. Pain and vomiting are not the distinctive sign of this acute gastroenteritis, diarrhea is. Other signs might be unreasonable excessive thirst, followed by vomiting. It only happens for a short term, and does not last for very long. However, the more advanced stage or the more chronic Acute gastroenteritis would cause general weakness and exhaustion, weight loss, and dehydration. Both stages are curable and do not leave any lasting side effects or damage on your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog. But you should figure out the reason for this irritation and prevent from happening again.

  • Colitis: The inflammation of the colon or the large intestines, sometimes it could be called large bowel too. The same as with all mammals, the colon or the large intestines function as the storage bag for food after it is digested, where all the fluids, slat and last squeezed drop of nutrition is absorbed, then this food turns into waste or as it is commonly known faces. This is the basic and guideline of the colon of the colon or the large intestines in all mammals starting from elephants to your tiny Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog. But because colon is the last station before kicking out the waste it is also the most vulnerable one. It gets exposed to many unknown ingredients, absorbs lots of bacteria in addition to reacting to all the allergic ingredients of the food. So if what you are feeding your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog is a little bit spicy, the colon will suffer. He is allergic to one or two ingredients of that food, the same will happen. Even in humans sometimes you will have good spicy and salty Chinese food and wake up bloated, constipated and suffering that is your colon firing the horn at you. But generally this should last couple days as it happens with us, probably you will relate to this suffering for a day or so. The normal reaction to spicy treat, or eating something he should not, is diarrhea for couple days. The whole colon or large intestines inflammation ends after two days, a week maximum, during which you inspect and find out what is the new outsider ingredient or type of food that caused this mess, and stop it immediately. However what we just describe d is the very light and more recurring inflammation, what you should worry about is the digestive disorder that happens when the interior membrane of the colon catches inflammation completely. Sever colon inflammation that happens due to serious external and more lasting causes like getting infected with or digesting worms (whipworms especially), parasites, very contaminated food, swallowing weird small objects that would irritate the colon and can’t be passed and absorbed correctly in the digestive tract, sudden change in food, or allergy towards one or more ingredients in the served food.

One of the worst degrees of this disorder is the more advanced and serious degree of Colitis, which happens due to more serious malfunction in the immune system, or an exaggerated reaction to bacterial or parasitic infection (this happens due to a genetic hypersensitivity predisposition) both reason will need more intensive care and healing process, medical consultation is obligatory. The obvious sign or symptom is the loose stool too, however this stool may contain some blood or mucous as a sign of inflammation and colon pain. In rare and sever cases some Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog start vomiting and lose much weight in short span of time, so keep an eye for these symptoms too.

The first step in curing your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s Colitis or large intestine inflammation is to decide on which type and degree of inflammation your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog is suffering. This will be discovered through a series of tests and samples (both blood and fecal) endoscopy, or biopsy. Then you will have to make changes in your dog’s feeding plan, your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog has to abstain from eating anything for couple days, and only live on liquid diet to give his digestive system a much needed rest after all the tumultuous symptoms it was suffering from. When you feel your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog is regaining much of his rested stomach health, you might added dissolved food to his diet. It is like feeding an infant bit by bit till you reach the whole solid food phase. Don’t’ forget your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog probably has been suffering from digestive unrest, stomach pain, and colon cramps even before the symptoms are visible to you, whether the symptoms he showed was blood-laden feces or sever weight loss. So first give his digestive system a much needed phase of resting and resetting before adding hard to digest types of food.

Stick to the dissolvable food like fibers for couple days, and notice if your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s appetite and stamina is growing stronger or fainter. Work with him and according to his healing ability, power and pace you reduce the dissolvable fibers a little bit while adding the exact equivalent quantity in the form of easy to chew and digest protein. It goes without saying that you have to refrain from introducing any type of food proven to irritate your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s stomach. After passing the previously mentioned tests and samples you should be fully aware of the specific nutritional elements that inflame and irritate your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s digestive track, stay away from them. Introduce simple protein like chicken, lamb, or turkey meat these are one of the lightest protein sources that are both full of nutrition and easy to digest, so they are a good start. If you noticed that after introducing this new kind of protein your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog any signs of troubles in digestions, refusing to eat, or loose feces stop immediately and depending on the severity of his case the second the step will be decided. You could switch the type of the newly introduced simple protein to another one, if you are feeding your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog lamb meat, you could switch to chicken or turkey as they are simpler in formation and they won’t exhaust his stomach while digesting. Also the problem could be the proportion of protein introduced not the type, you might have introduced a bit more than you should and what troubled his stomach and digestive system. Surely we understand your love for your lovely tiny Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog is what makes you think he needs more protein to compensate all the weight loss, and nutritional deficiencies caused by it, but give it some time, he will have a long life after this healing phase to which he can enjoy all the food he needs, but not so fast. Anyway try to figure out why this relapse happened, if it is a very bad one, you should go to phase one and stick to the two days dissolvable fiber diet, and start a new with new type of protein if you found out that this is what irritated your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s stomach. But anyhow take it seriously and hopefully your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog would recover fast from it and be better soon.

  • Constipation: though many dogs may suffer from occasional constipation but if your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog suffers from constipation chronically then this might be a sign of one of the gastrointestinal upsets or problems you should check with your vet. Causes of constipation could be dehydration like what happens with us human when we drink less water than we should, lack of exercise (if you have been busy and not walking or playing with your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog, then it might be a logical reason for constipation), consuming indigestible food that their stomach can’t recognize and process, or if you are feeding your dog a low fiber diet. All these could be reasons to constipation, check the boxes for what you doubt could be the unique reason for your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s constipation problem, if you can’t detect it probably seeing your vet is the sensible move to do.
  • Constipation happens because simply because the colon has been holding on to the feces for so long, the longer the feces stay in the colon the more it dries out and it becomes more hardened. Why it stayed in the colon and did not get kicked out and processed as the next step in digestion is the disorder you need to figure out. What you need to fear is not the regular type of constipation, as we all know constipation is a regular thing that happens occasionally to everyone including us humans. But unfortunately there is another severe level of this constipation called Obstipation. Obstipation is the chronic constipation that is very irresistible to cure and treatment, no matter what changes you make in your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog diet’s, or close observance paid to consuming of any indigestible objects of any type food or weird stuff, you still have a constipated Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog. That is what Obstipation means. Why it is serious matter and not a mere constipation that would be treated in two or three days or with some laxative liquid you make your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog work his colon and process his food as waste? Because this might be caused by some internal disorder or deformity, like obstruction inside the intestines, some disorder from outside the intestines that keeps pressing on it and prevents the food from being processed, tumors that obstruct the digestion path or disorder with the colon muscles itself they could too weak to work in the same pace as food digestion process or they are too weak to work properly in general due to being narrowed by broken pelvic bone, enlarged prostate gland, lymph nodes, or any other internal reason your vet has to check it. Other external reason could be stress, pain in any part of the colon or rectum, or even some supplementary vitamins, or drugs for other problems that cause constipation as a side effect. Some other symptoms that could go along to sever chronic constipation (Obstipation) depression, vomiting (because your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog can’t process the already digested food from couple days ago, and you still keep feeding him, the normal reaction to his digestive tract would be gaging any incoming food), weight loss for the same previous reason as the food is held in his intestines for longer periods and he can’t neither process it out of his body or eat more.
  • Your vet will have to undergo some tests to the fecal sample your provide, sometimes the consistency of the feces indicate a clue or hint to whether the obstruction is in the intestines or the rectum, if it is in the rectum the feces come out in thin strands like threads, if it is the other reason the feces will be like hard drops. However, no vet can decide for sure the reason for your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s Obstipation from a visual investigation to this fecal sample, he needs to undergo some other tests and x rays to specifically determine the place, size and type of the obstruction to decide on the appropriate way to treat it. To help your vet diagnose your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s physical state right you have to help him by stating out all your dog’s weird habits, don’t be ashamed to say that sometimes you look away and your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog chews on plastic bags, garbage, or even bones, your vet’s clinic is not the place to be ashamed or be judged by him. These information would come very handy and helpful in his diagnose to your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog, you never know which piece of information would be the key piece of the puzzle, tell him everything and he will surprise you with his help, at the end both of you want and wish all the best for this little furry ball Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog.
  • The treatment for such cases depends on the severity of the physical state, if it is mild constipation, the treatment would include drinking lots and lots of water, in addition to keep an open source of water available nearby at all time for your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog to drink from. The second step would be laxative drink, and high in fiber diet. Fibers are much easier to digest so they would work as a resting phase for your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s stomach. Banish any other treat, picking bones, and any other weird items your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog might swallow by mistake and disturb his stomach again. Something should be mentioned here despite being common sense. Don’t ever let your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog drink human laxative solution, despite sharing the same digestive system as your dog, the quantity of enzymes and their function are totally different. Start with your overall size and his, and compare between each one’s digestive system size. It will never come out right, you might throw your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s feces to the other side and cause chronic diarrhea for couple days. This is not a good idea under any circumstances, use toy dog prescribed laxatives.
  • The last resort if your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s state is very bad, your vet might have to interfere surgically using an enema, while he is under general anesthesia. This would happen if the vet discovered a seriously damaging amount of feces which can’t wait to be processed naturally.
  • Bloat: It is a bit similar to the bloating you might occasionally feel, yet the degree of danger and severity is of the total opposite. Bloating in general in humans and dogs happen when there is a twist in the stomach which results in gathering gases and fluids inside the stomach, and that is how your abdomen gets bigger and swollen. In humans this problem could be healed on its own, and all it creates is slight discomfort. Whereas in dogs, this problem is very dangerous because their bodies are not able to heal themselves from it, it is also more commonly in dogs above the age of seven years old. Not in puppies. The reason why this bloating is very dangerous problem is it pushes the heart rate up and down in a very exhausting pattern. And as we all know, the number one problem in dogs health is their hearts, its the most vulnerable organ in dogs. Visible symptoms of bloating consist of drooling, uneasiness, restlessness, very high or very low heart rate, swelling, and rapid breathing. Even from these symptoms you can figure out that this bloating your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog going through is a big deal and not just a daily occurrences like what happens to us. The reason for this bloating is simply eating very large meal, then immediately starting to exercise or play very hard, this pushes the stomach into confusion while it starts the digestion process.
  • Immediately take your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog to the vet and have him scanned to figure out which part of stomach is twisted and how much is turned up.
  • The first progress your vet is aiming at is decompressing the stomach to get the gas out, so the heart rate would stabilize too to prevent excessive exhaustion. This could be done by inserting a tube from your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s mouth to his stomach to release excessive air and gas. Some prescribed fluids could be used to fill the stomach to untangle the twist. Both previous methods are used in treating bloating but in its very early and uncomplicated stages. It depends on your early detection to the case and rapid response. In some much more complicated cases of bloating, the vet will have to insert a hollow injection directly to your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s abdominal skin to get rid of the excessive air and gases to release the pressure it creates on the intestinal and stomach walls.
  • The worst case scenarios of this bloating, would be if there was no access to the oral tube to the stomach or the hollow tube through the abdominal skin area to reach the stomach. This could happen due to multi-twisted stomach, sadly the surgical intervention would be the answer to relocate the stomach and detangle it to its normal position. Some vets actually attach the stomach to the abdominal wall to prevent any future twists or complications of the same kind.
  • Food of course will be withheld, and as your vet recommend stick to water and saline solution to activate the stomach and digestive enzymes without exhausting it.
  • To prevent any future similar incidents, try to feed you Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog smaller meals along the course of the day. Feed him the same amount he is usually used to, but divide it to more meals, instead of two large meals, give him the same amount divided into three courses or meals. No hard exercise or play is allowed, especially after eating. Prevent any consumption of large amounts of water during eating, water should be presented either before the meal or after it, not during.
  • Pancreatitis: unfortunately now we are moving towards the more serious, dangerous and painful gastrointestinal upsets and problems. Pancreatitis as you might have guessed is the inflammation of the pancreas gland. The causes for this type of inflammation easily could be eating your table scrapes, rich in fats diet, infection but sometimes the causes are harder to detect like trauma or early life experiences.
  • Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency: This is the second stage from Pancreatitis, in this disease your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog could suffer from lack of digestive enzymes. This is being said, the symptoms include massive weigh loss in contrast with consuming and devouring large quantities of food. It should be check and treated very early, this weight loss happen so fast and causes so much damage, if you have encountered any symptom or suspected that your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog might suffer from Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency you have to check with your vet as soon as possible.
  • Digestive tract malabsorption: This is one hell of a serious gastrointestinal problem, this is caused by inflammation to the whole small intestine, this inflammation blocks and obstruct the whole process of digesting and absorbing food. Your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog if ever has it; he/ she will suffer from extreme weight loss along with appetite loss. It happens due to lack of digestive enzymes in the stomach, or due to failure of absorption in the small intestines. In both cases, the digestion process is hindered and obstruct either at the phase of digestion in the stomach or at absorption phase in the small intestines.
  • Digestive tract malabsorption is not a disease itself, it is a result of certain type of malfunction. So any symptoms are merely a result of malfunction in absorption, there is not textbook symptoms and syndromes related or reported to this Digestive tract malabsorption.
  • Your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog may experience appetite loss, due to the pile up of food in his stomach; that is one symptom. The other symptom is the complete opposite of it, your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog might experience increased appetite for his/ her body is drained with diarrhea. Diarrhea which the international symptom for gastrointestinal disorders in all mammals, humans and dogs alike, may or may not exist in that Digestive tract malabsorption situation. Any other symptoms like anemia, weight loss, dehydration, blood stained stool, or fluid retention. All these symptoms may or may not exist, but if there one more indicative than any other symptom for this Digestive tract malabsorption, it would be your Digestive tract malabsorption newly found attraction to his feces. This is only indicative if he/ she was not fond of their feces before the Digestive tract malabsorption happens. The theory goes that digesting enzymes and absorption process, add some filthy and repulsive odor to the feces, so when the digestion or the absorption process are not complete, in one way or another the wasted feces still has some food features or traits in your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s eyes, so he/she we will be attracted to it. That is not the key and most important, essential and indicative sign or symptom but it gives you and your vet a guiding clue when trying to figure out this gastrointestinal disorder.
  • Also one of the not very indicative signs but you surely should mention to your vet, is if you noticed any enlarged lymph nodes, or abdominal enlargement. Again these signs could be indicative of a million other gastrointestinal disorders, yet these all are check marks on the symptoms sheet your vet should do.
  • Digestive tract malabsorption is really one of the hardest dog disease or dysfunctions a vet could ever diagnose. Most probably you will need to visit your vet couple times, undergo a heavy duty samples, blood tests, scans and endoscopes to fully confirm the diagnosis. Digestive tract malabsorption also may cause depression, not a clinical one but this depression overwhelms toy dog breeds like your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog due to the general health spiraling down, weight loss, and general fatigue. The repeated visits to the vet, may have a heavy load on him. So pay attention to that, indulge and lavish your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog with praise, love and attention to lighten up the load of such disease and its complications.
  • A whole check for all liver, pancreas, kidneys, metabolism levels, inner biopsy, enzymes, along with your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s health history are all important and should be done with at the vet’s.
  • The treatment in this case starts with diagnosis, then figuring out the reason for it. In most cases pancreatic supplements are prescribed to enhance the lack of digestive enzymes. Dietary changes go without saying, most probably this Digestive tract malabsorption has been going on inside your little poor Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s abdomen before the escalated symptoms are shown, so a huge compensation feeding plan is a necessity. Your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog should be fed on low in fiber and high in fats and protein diet. This protein should be easy to digest and light one. Protein is the most important nutritional element; it is the element responsible for building muscles, strengthening the bones, and other heavy duty developmental tasks. But taking into consideration that fats and protein are the hardest nutritional elements in digestion, should make you consult your vet on what are the specific types of protein that won’t exhaust his stomach. Yes you need to compensate for lots of wasted elements, but you can’t start your treatment by overfeeding or over exhausting and tiring your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s digestive system.
  • If the pancreatic supplements were not enough or did not help your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog in recovering his health and digestion abilities with the same expected speed, this probably suggestive of bacterial overgrowth in his digestive tract. Antibiotics that are taken orally along with pancreatic supplements, is your next move to enhance your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s digestion.
  • The worst and most advanced stage of this Digestive tract malabsorption is very tricky and tiring for both of you and your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog. If your vet can’t figure out the perfect and accurate feeding plan and prescribed drugs. Don’t blame your vet, it is not him, this disease is a tricky, hard to diagnose, and even harder to treat one. Your vet sadly will go on what is known as trial treatment basis. No, this is not one of the clinical experimental trials, huge hospitals undergo. Trial basis here, means he will start a list of protein sources first. Each week your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog will be introduced to only ONE source of protein, or one type of food. Close observance and checkups are followed, if you have not noticed any relapses or reverse in his health or his state, another may be introduced bit by bit. This trial treatment will include both the feeding plan, and prescribed drugs. Your vet will go on trying on different treatment plans, and detect which on is the right one for the specific type of bacteria residing in your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s bowels, and also the specific enzymes he/she lack. It is quite long and tiresome journey, we admit to that, but hopefully luck strikes you from the first trials and you find the true menacing enzymes, and bacteria.
  • As we have mentioned and discussed quite elaborately, this Digestive tract malabsorption is one elusive and complex disease. Whatever your vet recommends, stick tenaciously to it. No treats or any food your vet has not approved of, or consult about is ever allowed. Your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog might be tiptoeing into depression and you want to cheer him up with treat, but in this stage emotional rewards should suffice for the moment. Scratching his belly, patting his head, hugging your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog are all more than enough, giving him her all your time and attention is what a toy dog like Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog is living for, so don’t underestimate the emotional rewards and support you are providing for him/her at that trying times. You might hate all the vet’s visits, clinical bills, cleaning vomit and stool, but let me just tell you this, your precious Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog is facing ten times worse pains and toil than you. So perfect his treatment plan, have some patience and faith, and everything will be okay. And as they always say, this too shall pass.
  • Canine Parvovirus: this is one of the most fatal infections that could infect your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog, it infects unvaccinated dogs and puppies. The severity of this virus stems from the fact that is very resistant virus that can live and survive in the dog’s body for long time, in addition to its ability to overpower many disinfectants. As typical of any virus the Canine Parvovirus virus lives in polluted and contaminated areas, dogs can get infected through direct contact with other dogs. That’s why it is very crucial to never ever begin socializing your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog with any other dog, before completing his vaccinations. The direct contact with dogs or socialization could be controlled, however this virus could also be transmitted indirectly by infected dogs’ feces, and that is a bit harder to control or eliminate. The longevity of this virus is more than 6 months in contaminated area, more than 3 weeks in infected dog’s feces, and can survive in recovered dogs as they would function as carriers of it.

The reason for this virus fatality aside from its long longevity and survival rate is that it affects the soft tissues in canines, where the body’s defense is at its lowest. The dog catches the virus thorough direct contact with another infected dog or indirectly through contact with a contaminated object with that virus. After the indigestion of the virus, it moves in the bloodstream, as it duplicates itself and multiplies in numbers till it reaches any soft tissues where it can survive, this includes bone marrow, the interior lining of the stomach, and intestines. In this part of gastrointestinal diseases we are concerned about the infection of the intestines, the virus feeds upon the soft tissues and the interior lining causing tearing in the intestines, bloody feces, and diarrhea. A worst case scenario would be if the bacteria inside the intestines were released in the blood stream causing more damage.

The latency period of this virus is very long, actually many infected dogs don’t even show any symptoms, they only work as carriers. It takes long time before the disastrous damage of the intestines show itself in the feces. However it spreads quickly and easily with puppies under the age of one year. The reason of that is the falling number of antibodies the nursing mother dog has during nursing which is not perfectly compensated for by the vaccinations assigned to that age. So in order to avoid all this misery and trouble you should you keep your eyes open to the very first sign of this virus, let it be any fever, vomiting, appetite loss, weight, loss, bloody feces, or feces with mucous, get your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog tested by both samples of his blood and his feces. The blood test may show negative despite the infection, so you should repeat it if you have suspicion or if the symptoms are still there.

Most dogs should survive this virus if they received the appropriate medical care at the right time. Treatment includes electrolyte solutions to compensate the dehydration the Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog has been suffering during hydration and loss of important nutrition elements. If the state of the dog is a bit worse with vomiting will need stronger medication and antibiotics. Feeding your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog should be stopped, only compensatory nutritional solutions are allowed till the vomiting stops. When your vet gives you the green light to start feeding your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog don’t go crazy with the food, thinking he is been hungry and starving, start slow with easy to chew and digest ingredients. If you noticed that your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog started vomiting again, stop feeding him and call your vet immediately, your dog might need another 12-24 hours of food abstinence. The start of feeding your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog should be with a blended diet of protein and starch to compensate all the weight he lost, this would last for one week or two depending on your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s health. Afterwards you will need to reintroduce your decided on diet slowly and gradually as if you were starting his feeding plan all over again.

To assure that your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog does not catch that virus again, you will have to clean every corner your dog’s been to, stayed in, slept in, played in, pooped in, or touched in. This is not a game, even his toys should be cleaned with a special cleaner for the Canine Parvovirus virus specifically. And if you have more than this one Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog, you should separate and isolate the infected dog form the other dogs, and check them all for this virus.

Vaccination, vaccination and vaccination. This can’t be stressed enough, provide the right vaccination to your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog at their specific times, the first one should start around week 5 to week 8, and the last one should not be after the age of twenty weeks, and consult your vet to any changes and medical advice you need, helping you and your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog is their job.

  • Stomach and digestive system cancer

Fortunately the stomach and digestive cancers are not the most popular types in dogs. But you should keep any eye on their symptoms because they are much similar to many gastrointestinal disorders.

The symptoms of stomach and digestive cancers depend mainly on the size, location and the stage of the tumor. Yet, if there is a checklist for stomach

And digestive cancer for dogs would include bloody vomiting, bloody diarrhea, weight loss, constipation, bloated abdomen as result of gathered fluids, in addition to any other sign of extremely bad nutrition, or fatigue like panting, heavy breathing, and rapid heart rate.

Though any vet could detect the existence of a tumor manually by his hand though abdominal check, scanning is must to decide on its specific location, size and the effects it implies. The good news is that most if not all dog cancer cells are malignant, but the vet must confirm that by a biopsy.

A removal surgery should be schedule soon after the result of the biopsy results are out and confirmed by the pathologist. And hopefully your cute Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog has a speedy recovery.

  • Gastrointestinal Obstruction:

This gastrointestinal disorder is what it actually sounds like, an internal obstruction to the food path from mouth, through stomach and to the intestines. These obstructions vary in their type of course, their causes, and their locations along the digestive tract. Some obstruction could come from tumors, foreign swallowed items and bones, hernia, bloating, intestinal telescoping (which will be explained in much detail later on).

  • Small intestinal obstruction:

The syndromes for the small intestinal obstruction are vomiting, diarrhea, high body temperature like a fever, or very low body temperature your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog is shivering, appetite loss, weight loss, dehydration, enlargement and swelling of the abdominal area, signs of shock and trauma on your dog. What happens in this intestinal obstruction is very similar to the bloating, when the obstruction happens (for multiple reasons and in different positions along the digestive tract), the intestines are twisted with built up gas, then the abdominal area gets swollen and massively enlarged from that gas. This state based on how advanced and serious throws your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s body into a shock. Afterwards the body loses large amounts of fluids. The time space between the built up gas and the start of fluids loss is about 12-36 hours. Around the fourth day if not treated immediately, this intestinal obstruction proves to be fatal.

The closer the obstruction to the stomach the more reflexive gag and vomiting it caused. This leads of course to general fatigue, exhaustion, energy draining. The longest period of a dog can suffer from intestinal obstruction without treatment is 3-4 weeks. This happens with the slight, least serious and sever degrees. Keep a very close eye to the procession of these syndromes either bloating or intestinal obstruction could be fatal much faster to a dog in the size of your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog.

  • There are two types of intestinal obstruction, with this we mean an obstruction created by the twists, knots, and flips, not the ones caused by neither tumors nor foreign swallowed objects.
  1. Intussusception: This is intestinal obstruction has another name, telescoping. It is called with that name because it happens as a result of one part of the intestines swallowing another part, so it looks like a telescope one part is withdrawn into the other one. Of course this creates obstruction to the food path, and the whole digestion process. This type of intestinal obstruction is more common in puppies under the age of 8 months than in older dogs.

2. Intestinal incarceration: This one happens due to a tearing in the wall of intestines, in which another part of the intestines is caught like a hernia.

This intestinal obstruction is more dangerous for literally the intestines are caught up in itself like trapped headphones in your pocket. This position prevents any bowel movement so the intestinal muscles stop working, which creates a very fertile environment for bacteria that keeps breeding and spreading till finally the whole intestinal tissue is dead, your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog in a state of shock.

Why these obstruction, tearing and twists happen? Could be due to repeated behavior of swallowing small objects, toys, needles, and bones or simply because the intestines have torn itself. Understandably this will be the most embarrassing thing to tell your vet, that your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog has a habit of eating bones, or chewing his toys. However these pieces of information that you might disclose for fear of judgment are priceless when it comes to diagnose your dog. This piece of information would guide your vet whether what your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog needs right now is an x ray scan, contrasted x ray, rectum exam, or endoscopic examination. Time is of the essence, deciding on what type of non-food object your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog is fond would save a lot of time and wasted medical bills that you avoid, and spare your poor Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog the trouble of going through these procedures. Just tell your vet all the information you can provide, to help him provide your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog with the best treatment he needs without wasting anytime.

  • Gastrointestinal Ulcers:

Gastrointestinal ulcers in dogs are very similar to the gastrointestinal ulcers in humans in terms of how it happens in the stomach, yet may differ in the reasons causing it along with its diagnostic signs.

With these gastrointestinal ulcers, signs won’t come as clear or urgent as the other gastrointestinal problems previously mentioned. They also have so much in common with any regular gastrointestinal disorder caused by eating too much, or feeding your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog something  you should not,…etc. You need to pay close attention to recognize the red flags.

In the beginning you should know what are these gastrointestinal ulcers are? and what causes them?

  • Gastrointestinal ulcers are what we call bleeding stomach. This happens when the interior lining of one’s stomach, whether a dog or a human, tear itself from the inside, this tearing leads to interior bleeding and damaging to the stomach as a digestive organ.
  • The answer to the why question is that, you probably know by now that any mammal’s stomach is the responsible digestive organ for digesting and breaking down protein. The protein here includes both animal and vegetative types of protein. It does so by producing certain type and amount of acid called (hydrochloric acid, or pepsin enzyme) that helps in dissolving and breaking those amino protein threads into much easier and simpler forms of nutritional elements. Then the stomach pushes these broken down and simpler protein into small intestines where they could easily be digested by other acids, and enzymes. After some time spent in the small intestines, protein reaches its simplest form which the small intestines can absorb and build muscles and bone sin that cute little Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog. And the rest of the food goes to the large intestines where it would be kept, to absorb all the water, salt and any last squeezable drop of nutrition. Finally, this does become a solid, non-liquid material that comes from the rectum as a waste.
  • A good question should arise here, how can our organs (meaning stomach and small intestines) dissolve protein which it is in fact made out of protein (meaning our human flesh)? That is the whole core of the ulcers, the only way our stomach and intestines manage to digest and break down those protein food, is by being lined by a thick layer of protective mucous on the inside. Much more like spilling your hot tea on a leather bag, that for sure will ruin it, but if your bag is lined with an over protective plastic bag above it, the hot tea or any other destructive liquid will simply slip down without causing any problems. The plastic bag in our stomach and in your tiny Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s body is that mucous protective layer. This bleeding happens for one of two causes: either the stomach produces much more acid than it should, which ends up not only dissolving the incoming protein food, but also dissolving the inner mucous of the stomach itself. More or less this means the stomach is digesting itself. The other reason might be due to the deficiency or lack of appropriate protective mucous production inside the stomach and the small intestines.
  • The previously mentioned reasons (lack of protective mucous layer or excessive production of acid or digestive enzymes) could be the causative reasons, or the result and side effect of something else. Some drugs cause increase in the production of such digestive hydrochloric acid. But the worst case scenario would some tumors or vicious parasitic infection that feed upon the stomach or intestinal tissue. Despite of the causative reason, the end result is the same and most probably the diagnostic symptoms too.
  • The visible signs for these gastrointestinal ulcers are occasional vomiting, resulting from the high PH level in the stomach that forces the muscular tissue of the stomach into a gag reflex. Sometimes the vomiting comes out with fresh blood (red color) or digested blood (brownish red color). Your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s stool or feces should be indicative too of such ulcers, if you see your dog’s stool is getting much darker or with stained spots of blood. That should an alarming sign. However, both of these signs the vomiting and the blood stained stool are common symptoms in many other gastrointestinal problems, what might give you a clue is the constant abdominal discomfort that your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog feels almost all the day, yet he gets a few moments of relief after devouring a meal. This is The Sign for gastrointestinal ulcers, because this discomfort or abdominal pain is the only pain in dogs that is not aggravated with digestion, instead it is reduced. Fro after devouring a meal, the level of the hydrochloric acid is diluted with the food within he stomach, hence the relief of the burning and bleeding inside your poor Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s body.
  • Unfortunately as we mentioned, the symptoms for the gastrointestinal ulcers are not very clear and they are shared with many other diseases, that is why your vet will have to go through a checklist of tests and checkups to figure out the reason behind your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s weight loss, fatigue and discomfort. These tests include blood count, urine test, and complete parasite checkup.
  • With all these tests, ultrasound scan and x ray scan are necessary to confirm the diagnosis. And more often than not, to be completely sure of the diagnosis, location of the ulcer, and its size the vet has to undergo a biopsy, or an endoscopy which is a tube with camera at the end, that gets inserted from your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s mouth to his stomach. Your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog of course will be given anesthesia to perform such procedure.
  • The treatment your vet is aiming at or the healing process actually comes in three parts; stopping the pain, controlling the ulcer and preventing its spread and deterioration, and finally healing the main cause of it. This will of course take time, because it is not a straight forward sickness, where a drug or two are prescribed to your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog and that is it. First your vet will prescribe drugs that aim at stopping any extensive damage to the stomach inner lining, while healing the damaging part. Gastrointestinal ulcer drugs basically change the acidity levels of the stomach. This is the part related to preventing more damage. Yet, the most important part in healing is determining why this ulcer happened, was it a deformity in the stomach itself, whether by producing too much acid resulting in dissolving the inner lining of stomach, the inability to produce enough mucous layer to protect the stomach, or whether this is a side effect from another disease or infection. That is the most important question to deal with and determine successfully.
  • Your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s healing process should be monitored by endoscopy to determine and confirm the shrinking or the growing of the ulcer. The speed of the ulcer response to the drugs guide your vet to what to do next, he could increase the dose, decrease it, or if he does not see any change or progress he would change the prescribed drugs altogether. Or in very advanced types of lesions biopsies or swaps from inside the stomach become a necessity to define the type of ulcer specifically.
  • In general the gastrointestinal ulcers take from 6-8 weeks of healing. But the healing process has to go hand in hand with dietary changes. This means changing the mean feeding plan you are following with your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog to make it a very light and non-irritating or provocative meal. What we aim at is giving your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog enough nutrition to compensate all the bleeding he has been going through, but picking the type of food that won’t exhaust his already very tired and exhausted stomach. Like any human patient that has just been though any serious procedure related to his abdomen or digestive system, his doctors will prevent any very fatty or heavy meals and ingredients, in addition to spicy food. The same goes to your sick Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog, ask your vet specifically which type of food he is allowed to take. Most probably your vet will give a list of the allowed types of food, and it will include cottage cheese rice and very finely shredded chicken, this will provide enough protein and nutrition while not preventing any excessive muscular activity in his digestive system.
  • Peptic ulcers are much easier in treatment than ulcers caused by renal or liver failure.

Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis:

  • Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis is particularly an important syndrome to keep your open for Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s owners. Mainly because it is very common with toy and tiny dog breeds.
  • Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis basically is a sudden bloody diarrhea that occurs with no evident reason, and many no other symptoms. While in some other cases, Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis might be accompanied with sever vomiting, appetite loss, weight loss, depression, and shock. The main cause for Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis is not known, or in more explicit elaborative meaning, not specific. All dog experts know right now, is that Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis happens as a hypersensitive reaction to certain infection, bacteria, or triggers. It affects tiny toy dog breeds, form both sexes, and more common in older dogs than younger ones.
  • If not treated fast enough, tiny and vulnerable dog breeds like Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog it might develop into shock and be fatal. Once you notice any of these symptoms specially the bloody diarrhea without any warnings or red flags you should hurry to the vet. The sooner you consult your vet, the easier the treatment, and the shorter healing period would be. In some of the slight and early caught cases of Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis, antibiotics are enough. In some more serious cases fluid supportive treatment is needed along with the antibiotics, to compensate the loss of all these fluids, blood, and diarrhea.
  • Dietary changes of course should be done to your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s feeding plan. It would start with withholding any food for two to three days, in the case of vomiting. If your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis did not include any vomiting as a symptom, then you should start with the changes right away. The withholding is only meant to ease the reflexive muscular gag your dog has been suffering from. Most vets recommend the start of feeding your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog an easy to digest source of protein he has been introduced to before. Taking into consideration that this Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis is mainly a hypersensitive reaction to certain type of food, or bacteria and not a disease; introducing a new type food is necessary to eliminate all the chances of provoking or irritating the stomach again. Easy to digest sources of protein include cottage cheese, lamb, tofu, rice, and shredded chicken.
  • This new feeding plan should not last for long time, it should only take about 2-3 weeks before returning back to your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s original feeding plan. But again you should be wise, and return back to this original feeding plan bit by bit. It should not be returning to your original feeding plan, but rather reintroducing your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s original feeding plan. Any sudden changes might throw back your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog to Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis. Originally less than 10% of dogs infected with Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis report reoccurrences after healing. So don’t freak out, most probably this will never happen again to your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog, despite its small size and vulnerability. But what we mean hear by reintroducing and going slowly but surely with the reintroduction of the original food plan, is that your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog is not healed yet, so any irritation is not recommended, and would extend and prolong a healing period for something that should not take more than two weeks of antibiotics? Be careful with irritating your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s stomach during the healing and treatment period, and immediately afterwards till he/ she fully recovers then you could through caution out of the window, breath easily, and enjoy your time with him/ her.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease:

  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease is not a really one disease or an infection in itself, but rather it is a whole range of inflammation that infect the bowels, or the digestive system. This Inflammatory Bowel Disease is like cancer, it infects anywhere, any age, any sex, and any dog breed. Yet, these combined inflammations are proven to infect dogs younger than 2 years old, and dogs older than 7 years old. So basically it attacks dogs in their most vulnerable ages, and states. Owning such a toy, vulnerable and mix breed like your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog should make you put these inflammations in sight, and be prepared for any red flags, or symptoms.
  • The bad news about that inflammatory bowel disease has no certain cause, or a specific alarming sign. All the reported syndromes or signs related to it, are mainly common and similar to each and every digestive disorder, inflammation, or infection. What you need to look after is persistent digestive disorders that does not change with any change in diet, medicines, no external stress or pressure.
  • The inflammatory bowel disease, is categorized by vets according to its location not its causes, for the causes and triggers are not certain. It is more likely a compilation from food allergies, bacteria and some infection that show up suddenly and seem like a very mild and random digestive disorder. What happens in this inflammation is the total opposite of what happens in the gastrointestinal ulcers, the inflammation attacks or infects the mucous protective layer in the bowels (could be the stomach, small intestines, or large intestines, that is why it is called inflammation BOWEL disease its effect is extended along the digestive tract). Which results in the thickening of this mucous protective layer, yes there is no damage in the inner mucosal lining of the digestive tract, but there is unnatural enlargement and swelling that would lead to other more serious and sever changes. Keep in mind that your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog is already a very small toy dog breed, the size of the abdominal void is quite small too, consequently any swelling or enlargement on that area, by default will cause pressure on other abdominal organs and result in major side effects. That is the whole problem with the inflammatory bowel disease. It is a long term kind of inflammation that causes much havoc and unpredicted escalations in the abdominal area.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease symptoms’ are constant diarrhea, vomiting, dark feces, could but rarely produce bloody stained stool (only in the cases of ulcers and erosions), some Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog owners reported seeing abdominal pain with their dogs.
  • When it comes to diagnose this type of inflammation x rays and regular scans may not be as efficient as an endoscopy. Because to treat this inflammation right, the vet has to know to what extent this inflammation has reached, also where it starts and where it ends to determine the exact cause for it, and to determine the extent of damage caused to the other organs like liver, spleen, and kidneys.
  • After obtaining such data and information from your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s endoscopy, your vet treatment plan should start with treating the main reason for such extensive inflammation. Should it be allergy to certain food and nutritional ingredient, your vet will constitute a new feeding plan, probably totally different from what you used to feed your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog to avoid any increase in inflammation and irritation.
  • In case of severe diarrhea, the number one priority should be to stop it and compensate your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s body all the lost ingredients and nutrition he/she has been losing for a while now. In many cases of severe diarrhea, the Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog suffers from dehydration, weight loss and general extreme fatigue. The second step should always be a feeding plan to plump up your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog and increase his/ her body mass. All this should be hand in hand with prescribed drugs to stop the inflammation, prevent its extension, and decrease it.
  • If the reason for this inflammatory disease is an infection or parasite, antibiotics should be prescribed, and some vets recommend changes in the feeding plan to enhance and speed up the healing process.
  • With severe diarrhea and vomiting, food will be withheld for couple days till your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog recovers and his digestive tract can hold on to its contents. Later, the new feeding plan should be introduced, which you should stick to it for 4-6 weeks at least before trying to reintroduce your already decided on feeding plan. This is only possible if your vet reassured you that your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog’s inflammatory bowel disease is not caused by any nutritional mistakes or ingredients you have made. Otherwise, sticking to your new vet’s feeding plan is the better and wiser decision.

What are the other symptoms of gastrointestinal problems?

Each dog breed responds differently to his intestinal problems, but the major symptoms you need to keep an eye on are diarrhea, constipation, blood or mucous in feces, vomiting, appetite loss or inexplicable increase, weight loss, or painful passing of feces. All these should be your red warning light, once you notice your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog suffers from any one of them, or more than one of these symptoms consult your vet immediately to cute it properly and early on.

How long does it take to cure gastrointestinal problems?

It depends on which type of gastrointestinal problem does your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog suffer from, if he is suffering from acute gastroenteritis that happened due to consuming something he should not have consumed, or eating spicy food then the cure should be rest for couple days and this problem will clear out on its own with no side effect or lasting damage.

Unfortunately if what your Chihuahua Pomeranian mix dog is suffering from is caused by a parasite, warm or a sever inflammation the treatment should require some time, and professional medical help of course.












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