If you ever been or still a wonderer on the planet of social media apps, most probably you have seen, liked or shared a photo of some merle Pomeranian dogs. To be more specific, merle Pomeranian dogs are that cute toy dog breed that look like tiny wolf if they are blue merle Pomeranian dogs, or cream tiny dogs with splashes of chocolate color as if they have just gone out of a cruel fight with nutella jar. Pomeranian dog breed is one of the most variable dog breeds when it comes to physical appearance, their colors would need a spectrum of their own and their numerous mixes adds to the genetic pool variation. I am sure by now you have encountered the Pomsky, the Pomeranian husky online frenzy, which is the irresistibly cute and adorable mix between Pomeranian dogs and Siberian Husky dog breed. Merle Pomeranian dogs are not one of these adorable mixes which are the result of natural hybridization between two different dog breeds in shape and size. Merle Pomeranian dogs strangely are Pomeranian dogs which suffer from a genetic disorder called the “merle” gene. Social media and internet articles can’t get enough of that subject whether liking it, advocating, searching or simply refusing it as an acceptable dog breed. This article aims at confirming the scientific truths about merle Pomeranian dogs, providing you with the information that you need in case you are thinking about owning one, and refuting all the lies and social media faux marketing hypes and frenzies.
The first thing you should ask by now is what is really a merle Pomeranian dog?
Merle Pomeranian dogs are simply dogs from the Pomeranian dog breed that have in their genetic code, “merle” gene; which causes slight alteration and modification to their usual Pomeranian dog look. Merle Pomeranian dogs are not the result of any mix hybridization with non-Pomeranian dog breed; they are regular healthy Pomeranian dogs with one Merle Pomeranian parent and non – merle Pomeranian parent.
What are the modifications that the merle gene causes?
Merle gene is a dilution gene that could affect any part of the Pomeranian genetic code. Consequently there is no specific defined merle Pomeranian look but rather different variation depending on the location of the merle gene on the genetic code. For example, If the merle gene was in the location of coat coloration, this dog will continue to have the regular fabulous long and thick Pomeranian coat but the colors will be diluted.
The canvas on which the merle gene works on in the merle Pomeranian world is very spacious and colorful, Pomeranian dogs come in solid colors (black, blues, chocolate, lavender) but also in parti colors (cream and tan, cream and orange, black and cream, grey and white, blue and tan, chocolate and tan,…etc). Merle gene would dilute the color of the coat no matter what it is, if the Pomeranian dog is one color mating it with a merle Pomeranian dog would result in double colored merle Pomeranian litter with diluted black coat that is called blue merle Pomeranian dogs. If the Pomeranian dog is already parti colored, by mating it to a merle Pomeranian dog, the litter would tri-colored, and so on.
The most famous and common merle Pomeranian dogs by popular demand are blue merle Pomeranian, red merle Pomeranian and chocolate merle Pomeranian dogs. These types of merle Pomeranian dogs are not the only colors variation, yet they are the most popular and available. Another point to take into consideration is that merle Pomeranian dogs may also have some markings and patches, this case is not prevailing or typical of any merle Pomeranian dog but it is quite common. In this case merle Pomeranian dogs would have markings on their underbelly, neck, and legs.
This is the definite shape or physical appearance when your merle Pomeranian dog has the merle gene in the coat coloration locus (the term used to describe a location on genetic code). You should know that the merle gene may exist or be found on other loci (plural locus) on the merle Pomeranian genetic code, for example the eyes locus. A typical Pomeranian dog has beautiful black eyes, but if this black dog mated with a merle Pomeranian, the merle Pomeranian litter may have dark blue sapphire eyes, light blue or even medium brown chocolate eyes pigmentation in addition to a regular non- merle Pomeranian coat color.
Other example would the merle Pomeranian dog with the pink nose, in this case the merle gene is affecting the nose color loci of the genetic code.
However the merle Pomeranian fur most probably will be molted or speckled with a slight change in the skin underneath it, it could lean towards bluish tones more. The paws pads will also change their colors in the case of merle gene mutation; a pattern of pink colors with black specks should appear on the merle Pomeranian dog’s paws.
You should also know that any litter from merle to non – merle Pomeranian will never be identical. The merle gene is a random, unpredicted and general targeting dominant dilution gene, the best example would be describing the merle gene as a painting splashing brush, never will the color fall on the same spot again; each splash is different and unique. So will be the merle Pomeranian litter.
How should I know if the merle Pomeranian puppy I am purchasing is real?
Merle gene is a dominant mutation gene; if your merle Pomeranian has it will be clear as day with the significant change in his typical colors whether in the coat, eyes, nose or paws. This also goes to refute and diminish once and for all the false “phantom merle Pomeranian” accusation. There is no hidden, phantom, or ghost merle Pomeranian dog breed, if your dog is merle Pomeranian guess what,, he will look like a merle Pomeranian dog. There is no gene carrier on whom this gene does not show it magic. The merle is a dominant gene which means that any merle Pomeranian dog which is mated with a non – merle Pomeranian dog is bound to half 50% merle Pomeranian litter. The litters which don’t look like a merle Pomeranian in fact don’t have that gene as simple as that. Don’t fall a victim for false rumors and merle Pomeranian myths swirling the internet. The merle gene is by definition a dominant gene; wherever it sits, its modifying magic will follow.
Should I buy a merle Pomeranian Puppy from two merle Pomeranian parents?
Absolutely not, never, EVER! See the merle gene despite its beautiful gorgeous effects on the merle Pomeranian dogs physical appearance; it is still counts as a genetic disorder. The doubling or multiplying of this gene in the genetic code of the merle Pomeranian might cause serious health risks and deformation.
This scheme of breeding two merle Pomeranian dogs together in order to get fully merle Pomeranian litters is one of the greedy unregistered dog breeders’ unhealthy ways that sometimes they follow to reduce the expenses and increase the profits.
When a merle Pomeranian dog is mated with another non – merle Pomeranian the litter would have a 50% chance of being merle Pomeranian puppies. Yet, this merle gene could affect only the nose or the eyes’ pigmentation. In this case the dog breeder considers this litter a loss or not very profitable litter.
Many dog breeders want to skip these unfortunate incidents by ensuring the making of merle Pomeranian litter. Of course this could only happen if both the parents carry in their genetic code the merle gene. This is called doubling the merle gene. The litter produced would have double the appropriate quantity of this diluting gene.
The effects of such practice are unhealthy and risky. Some merle Pomeranian dogs suffer from problems with their vision and hearing abilities, sometimes even reduction in the number of male sperms.
To understand the terms of merle Pomeranian mating, you should know that any coloring in the Pomeranian genetic code is made out from either a recessive or dominant gene color. The Merle gene is a dominant gene, so the dog breeder only requires one merle Pomeranian parent to produce the required merle Pomeranian litter. The genetic specification goes like that:
1-MM: which the result of two merle Pomeranian mating. (Literally run from that puppy).
2- Mm: which is Mr. perfect Merle Pomeranian dog, this is the ideal genetic code, and the one you should absolutely purchase.
3-mm: totally non – merle Pomeranian puppy no health problems should be encountered with it.
A sound advice would be doing a DNA analysis before buying just to make sure that that merle Pomeranian puppy has only on merle gene in his genetic code and bloodline.
Are merle Pomeranian dogs deaf and blind?
The easy answer is no. But this answer has many parts to answer to, do you mean merle Pomeranian dogs specifically or merle dogs in general? Because the merle gene affects all other dog breeds in the same manner and effects.
So is the merle gene in general associated with blindness and loss of hearing abilities?
The answer is that not directly, it depends on the dog breeds’ common health problems and genetic code, the diet he is fed on, the bloodline and so on. However, many studies have shown that the doubling of the merle gene in ANY dog breed is a risky measure for their health. Causing loss of sight or hearing abilities and sometimes even worse. But that happens in ALL double merle dog breeds and not exclusively specific to merle Pomeranian dogs. It could happen with merle Chihuahuas, merle Huskies, merle Corgis or any other double merle dog breed.
Does merle affect any other health aspects in Pomeranian dogs?
No, merle Pomeranian dogs are known to be the smartest. In fact the reason why AKC (American Kennel Club) accepted merle Pomeranian dogs as a registered breed is that many of them were awarded the winner or champ title, and this fact is undisputable or deniable. So don’t be fooled by the bad social media reputation some merle Pomeranian have gotten, these merle Pomeranian dogs are the Champs of most dog shows and contests and even the AKC could not deny or disregard this fact. Despite only accepting pure dog breeds as registered ones, Merle Pomeranian were the favorite exception, and they well deserve it.
How much does a merle Pomeranian cost?
As with all designer dog breeds, merle Pomeranian dogs are quite expensive and will cost you a lot, expect to pay from 1500- 3000 $ for a single merle Pomeranian puppy. As we mentioned before the dog breeder usually face couple unsuccessful mating attempts till he get it right, in addition to the already high price of the merle Pomeranian parents, so all in all the cost of buying, keeping and breeding merle Pomeranian dogs is quite appropriate to its price. However in order to avoid all the internet fraud you could face while buying such a rare and beautiful breed here are some tips on how to get your money’s worth for a merle Pomeranian puppy.
- Always choose a reputable registered dog breeder, most of merle Pomeranian dog breeders are show exhibitors dog owners, so expect to pay more.
- After you decide on the best dog breeder, you have to go there and see for yourself where he keeps those precious little merle Pomeranian dogs, whether this place is well ventilated or closed, filthy or clean, spacious so your merle Pomeranian dog can run and learn to chase, or he uses small cages with limited movement space, all these clues will be helpful as the first signs of how trusted and well experienced this dog breeder is.
- Now that you have seen for yourself the merle Pomeranian farm, first thing to ask about is the registration papers for both the sire and the dame, and your intended merle Pomeranian puppies too.
- If your intended merle Pomeranian puppies have passed the age of 8 weeks, then your dog breeder should provide you with their complete vaccination certificate.
- Take a good look at the sire and dame of your merle Pomeranian puppy, look for scars or violent handling, if found any of them. Leave. This is a sign either for unprofessional handling on the side of the dog breeder himself or a violent parent which could affect your merle Pomeranian temperament too. Also make sure that is only one parent is merle while the other parent is non-merle Pomeranian dog. If both parents are merle Pomeranians, run.
- If by any chance you chose to go with some online advertisement for merle Pomeranian puppies, precede with caution.
- Never finalize the deal before seeing the merle Pomeranian puppy yourself, and ask for different specific angled photos, if this advertiser is a fraud most probably he only has few photos stolen from the internet and he won’t be able to fulfill your specific requirements.
- Also with online purchasing, don’t ever pay in cash. And if the advertiser insists on cash payment, simply leave. Cash payment is untraceable and non-refundable, unlike may online payment or bank transfers where you enlist many details and can reverse the payment process in case of sudden revelations.
- In both cases, you should take your merle Pomeranian puppy to the vet’s office, and do a DNA analysis to reveal its genetic code, and whether or not he has double merle genes. Also check for any behavioral or physical disorder.
- If you could leave your merle Pomeranian puppy with his parents till he passes the first ten weeks, this would absolutely wonderful. Studies show that puppies who were adopted after the age of 10 weeks have better social communication skill, less social anxiety and overall more collected temperament.
How did the merle Pomeranian dog happened?
-This is a quite story, but we will try to make it short. It all started when Queen Charlotte saw some Pomeranian dogs when she was on one of her vacations in North Europe. And as you may know Pomeranian dogs are originally from North Europe, from a province called Pomerania which is now located in North Germany or Poland, but in this area. At that time, Pomeranian dog breeds were not introduced to England, neither the original Pomeranian dog nor the merle Pomeranian, none of them. Pomeranian dogs at that time were only cream or white, and amazingly they were much larger. Actually in fact they were sled dog breeds, used for pulling sleds in the cruel snow of North Europe. Historically Pomeranian dogs were much larger in size, more sturdy and well built in shape, their weight went around 30 pounds. You might think that is not too heavy, but just for your information and entertainment, Pomeranian dogs today in general and merle Pomeranian dogs in particular weigh less than 7 pounds, and there are some dog breeders who are specialized in breeding merle Pomeranian dogs that weigh less than 3 pounds as an adult dog, and both Pomeranian dogs (the one under 7 pounds and the one under 3 pounds) are classified by the American Kennel club as toy breed, which is the fancy word for a dog you could fit in your palm. Pomeranian dogs nowadays are more of one tenth of their actual size in the 18th century. That explanation is just to give you a well painted vivid image of what caught the sight and interest of Queen Charlotte of England.
-England at that time was recovering from the wild partying and courtly affairs it was known for in the Elizabethan era. In the Elizabethan era, Queen Elizabeth gave a kind of bad reputation to her country by dressing in a manner inappropriate to her status as a monarch, surrounding her majestic self with suitors, courtly poets, and less than well behaved women. Queen’s Elizabeth behavior caused some trends that came only as a natural byproduct of her behavior most of the nobility members imitated her and went along with her ways. So the main fashion trends of English courts were low cut dresses, excessive drinking, partying, and lavish lifestyle.
-So Queen Charlotte as a result wanted to demonstrate a more ideal figure, with solemn behavior and manners. Most of the party traditions were kept to minimum standards. But surely, nobody can put down a good woman, keeping dogs as pets and parading them publically was the it trend, whether they were all white or blue merle Pomeranian dogs, aristocratic members and nobility competed in showing off their dogs. Queen Charlotte brought back a bunch of those merle Pomeranian dogs, and she lavished them with affection and care. And the same that happened with Queen Elizabeth happened with her, the fashion of blue merle Pomeranian was booming between aristocratic and nobility members.
-Women at that time were urged to pursue arts in general, learning how to paint and play music and sing were all part and signs of a highly elevated status. Needless to say, that women were only allowed to draw objects that denote their virtuous side and beautiful taste, so what is better than drawing your own beautiful dog especially if it is beautiful all white silky Pomeranian or irresistibly adorable merle Pomeranian. This time is really marked by lots and lots of dogs paintings and drawings that lasted till the end of 18th century. Even the great Michael Angelo is known to have his set his Pomeranian dog on a red silk pillow while he created his master piece Sistine Chapel.
-However, at the days of Queen Charlotte dogs were not exported easily, and merle Pomeranian dogs were still an exotic pet from outside the continent like a true Englishman would have put it. So Pomeranian dogs with all its coloring white, black, orange, brown, sable, wolf grey, and merle Pomeranian dogs were all kept as an exclusive aristocratic accessory and a sign of lavish style.
-Some decades have passed and blue merle Pomeranians unfortunately had some eclipsed moment after the death of Queen Charlotte. But still fate still had an even better fortune for merle Pomeranian dogs in his pocket. When Queen Victoria the granddaughter of Queen Charlotte was spending also some much needed vacation in Italy, the sight of some merle Pomeranian dogs took her breath away (actually historians are divided whether her Pomeranians were merle Pomeranian dogs or sable orange Pomeranians). Anyway, those merle Pomeranian dogs brought million childhood memory to her and made her overwhelmed with emotions. Consequently she brought lots and lots of those Italian Pomeranian dogs back to England with her.
-You must notice that the period between Queen Charlotte’s reign and Queen Victoria gave away to establishing the English Kennel, dog shows and contests, and dog breeding business was booming. So the effect of Queen Victoria’s bringing of those merle Pomeranian dogs would have a totally different resounding result. By that time, Queen Victoria made her Pomeranian dogs participate in every dog show, as a result dog breeders promoted their business as breeders of the Queen’s favorite dog breed. With the rise of new aesthetics in judging dog’s beauty, the process of hybridization and genetic mutation of Pomeranian dogs started. For undocumented reason, the smaller Pomeranian dogs in general the more they were ranked in beauty contests, I guess most dog judges were attracted to the idea of petite dogs or cute lap dogs. Of course the science and methodology behind the hybridization process was not well established or crafted, and many genetic codes were messed by that time. You don’t get to shrink a dog breed to one tenth of its size, without some serious genetic problems.
-Merle Pomeranian dogs could be the result of bad case of hybridization or the hybridization of two merle dogs (could one of both of them merle). There is also a more serious reason for the genetic variation of the merle Pomeranian genetic code, is that Pomeranian dogs in general are easier if not one of the easiest dog breeds to hybrid. They could hybridize literally with any dog breed, Siberian husky, Maltese, Chihuahua, Yorki, Corgi, wolves, name it there is most probably a Pomeranian mix with it with coolest name ever. The small size of Pomeranian dogs breed, along with their double thick coat, the variation of their coats’ colors, and their cute temperaments are all some of the many reasons why Pomeranian dog breed have a wider genetic pool than any other dog breed, and the wider the genetic pool, the more exposure of genetic disorder are a possibility, unfortunately. Some genetic disorders are bad, and dog breeders run away from while others are cute blue merle Pomeranian coat, that is actually sought after by fans and dog breeders alike.
-Merle Pomeranian dogs have in fact a deficiency or a disorder but it looks so cute, that nowadays even the AKC (the American Kennel club) is accepting them as a breed. Yes blue merle Pomeranian dogs are now an established breed, even some of them were named or awarded the title of champions. However, this blue merle Pomeranian issue is the hot potato between dog experts and lovers, most dog lovers oppose the idea of propagating this kind of disorder, as many breeders deliberately mate merle Pomeranian dog to merle Pomeranian dog and this would have serious effect on the dogs’ health as we will explain later on in this article.
Should you worry about mating any dog to your new merle Pomeranian puppy?
Absolutely not, real health problems only occur with mating two merle Pomeranian dogs, by which the merle gene is doubled in the genetic code of the dog and may lead to genetic disorder and mutation. However if you would like to have a nice merle litter, the better mating would be with parti merles, because sable Pomeranian would be fully merled. And the merle gene is best shown in the parti colored Pomeranian dogs. Also the darker the merle Pomeranian the more distinguished the merle gene would be and less likely you end up with phantom merle Pomeranian litter.