Poms is one of many names given to the beautiful and fluffy Pomeranians dog breed. This breed is very ancient with a historical background, yet it is very popular till our very day. Some poms are still making headlines and becoming internet sensation. This article provides you with the ultimate guide to poms, from the first dog that made history, till today’s Boo the Pomeranians the latest poms world sensation.
Origin of the Poms
-Poms as a dog breed are the descendant dogs from the spits family or as they are called in German language Zwergspitz meaning the dwarf Spitz. These Poms are originally from the province of Pomerania which is located in Poland or northern Germany now. They were sled dogs with much bigger and stronger physicality. Poms weighed approximately 30 pounds around the 16th century, which is five times their size now. Yes, they were much less than other sled dogs, thus calling them Dwarf Spitz, but in comparison to their current size, they went on a great process of reduction and shrinking. The real origin of these Poms is presumably Pomerania, but this claim is not supported with historical evidences such as paintings or drawings on caves, or any relevant evidence of them belonging there. Aside from the name, this claim is more probable than other theories concerning the origin of the Poms, because most wolf Spitz or German Spitz dog breeds originated from that place too, they all share the same features of dark muzzle, small foxy face, and fluffy big fur coat with the Poms dog breed. All these reasons solidify and support the assumption of these beautiful Poms originating from Pomerania.
-The first historical documented evidence related to the Poms dog breed, is actually from Great Britain at 18th Century, when those Poms dog breed were introduced to the royal court and became a member of the royal family. During the reign of Queen Charlotte of England, she went on vacation in Germany, and surely enough as a famous dog lover and enthusiast she fell instantly in love with them. Of course nobody could resist those squinty small dark eyes, wedge foxy face, and the fluffy all white marvelous coat. Queen Charlotte was bewitched and obsessed with these Poms, consequently she adopted a bunch of them and brought them back to England with her.
-Surely you know or heard about the trends and traditions of the English court and aristocrats. In case you don’t know, let’s brush on some historic valuable information. At the times of Queen Charlotte’s reign and even much earlier the court and Royal parties were the after The Oscars or Vanity Fair parties. Whoever was invited was important and accepted as a member of the aristocrats, and in these parties English trends and aristocratic standards were set. If the Queen did something new to her hair, this new hair style would be the new aristocratic trend. Likewise dog loving, if the queen just adopted bunch of cute and adorable Poms, surely dog adoption in general and Poms dog breed in particular will be on the rise.
-This phase in the royal tale of Poms historic background could be marked as the introduction of Poms dog breed to Royal court and English society. Poms dog breed were considered the new hot potato in royal trends or the new aristocratic accessory. But bear in mind that despite the introduction of Poms dog breed to English society and court, having this breed was still a rarity; for it was still a brand new trend from abroad, so dog breeders did not have open market to start the business. In addition to the whole idea of importing a new brand dog breed at times where industrialization was only beginning with its unprecedented problems and pains. So yes, during the time of Queen Charlotte’s Poms dog breed was introduced but it retained and maintained most of its features pristine, untainted by any hybridization on the hand of dog breeders. Poms dog breed was still 30 pounds with its original all white or black colors.
-Many years have passed and Poms dog breed preserved both its status as royal and aristocratic accessory and also it size. Till the day Poms dog breed met their Prince charming who would change their lives forever. In that historical context, prince charming was actually Queen Victoria, the granddaughter of Queen Charlotte. Queen Victoria was on one of her vacation trips to Italy when she encountered the sight of one of the poms dog breed, but this time it was not big all white poms; instead it was a little bit smaller in size than the 30 pounds regular poms, and also had a reddish orange fur not white. This incident could weaken the assumption that al Poms were originally from Pomerania, as some time later Queen Victoria found some poms with the same physical attribution but slightly different. Anyway, Queen Victoria was overwhelmed with her childhood memories with her Grandmother Queen Charlotte’s Poms, and like her Grandmother she brought a bunch of them back to England with her.
-This time lapse would mark the rise of dog shows, contests, and business in general. Between the time of Queen Charlotte and Queen Victoria dog breeding had flourished and prospered immensely due to these celebratory events of dogs’ aesthetics. Queen Charlotte’s time would represent the introduction of devotion to dogs in general to English society and the introduction of Poms as a dog breed in particular to English court and royal life. By the time Queen Victoria ascended to throne, she established the Kennel club and other kennels including of course The Pomeranians Kennel club. So the market and society was ready and prepared for such booming in the dog business and especially the Poms dog breed.
-When Queen Victoria brought back her bunch of Poms dog breed, she popularized it by allowing her own Poms to enter any dog show or contest. This encouraged all dog breeders to invest and busy those Poms because they were in high demand. For some unknown reason, the smaller the poms the more points he earned in the dog show and contests. Naturally, British dog breeders purposely attempted reducing the size of their Poms, who would not like the reputation of many winner Poms. This would happen either by mating Poms at younger age; as result of the small size of the mom’s belly and overall physicality, the litter would be born would get smaller and smaller in size. Or this could have happened by importing smaller breeds of Poms from places like Italy and mating them to get smaller and smaller Poms in size. Anyhow, the time of Queen Victoria witnessed the biggest shrinking for the Poms dog breed. Their size and weight dwindled from 30 pounds to 12 pounds, and today Poms are registered under 7 pounds. Now there are even miniature Poms or Teacup Poms that weigh 3 pounds. This is one tenth of their original size as a member of the Spitz weighing 30 pounds.
-Needless to say that the history of Poms royal tale does not stand here, it continues to be till this very moment, Poms wre owned by major historical figures like Marie Antoinette, Josephine Beauharnais, Michael Angelo, Isaac Newton, Martin Luther King, and Mozart. And from todays’ Hollywood royalty Paris Hilton, Nicole Richie, Keanu Reeves, Elvis Presley, Kate Hudosn, Britany Spears, Jessica Alba, and Sharon Osborn.
And even more Poms are not owned by celebrities in today’s internet world, they are the celebrities themselves. Like Boo the world cutest dog who is a poms, but also a Facebook sensation with more than 17 million like, 4 books, deal, modeling contracts and an advertising contract with Virginia airlines as they are promoting their pet friendly business.
There is also Jiff, the actor. Of course he is poms dog breed, but he starred in more movies than Boo, like Adventures of Baily: Night in Cowtown, in addition to many ads sponsored by nothing less than Target and Banana Republic and other major business tycoon brands.
-Don’t just assume that Poms can only invade the internet sphere and advertising, Poms are everywhere and they make money whenever they go. There is also Giggy the poms dog breed on one of the Housewives franchises owned by the cast member Lisa Vanderpump. This dog has a lavish extravagant life as reality tv would allow, in other words, this Poms is living better, more extravagant, luxurious, glamorous than some Hollywood actresses. He has many celebrities’ friends and made a guest a star at dancing with the stars.
-Poms are also Titanic survivors. Documented by historical records two Poms escaped the sinking famous ship two escaped, one was owned by Margret Hays who managed to get herself and her Poms on a lifeboat, while the other owned by Elizabeth Barrett Rothschild, who also survived the sinking ship in a lifeboat.
-So now you know the full story of these historical royal Poms.
Appearance of Poms dog breed
-Poms dog breed is famous for its small size, they are the tiniest in dogs in the Spitz family, and nowadays the regular healthy adult Poms would weigh between 3 and 7 pounds, and stand between 8 to 11 inches tall. This is the standard not the miniature teacup poms, which we will deal with later on in this article. They have fox wedge face, with alert almond shaped dark eyes, erect ears, and the most unique feature is their fanning standing tail that leans towards their necks. Their nose may be black or in the same color of the furry coat. The coat, which is yet their best most beautiful and signature feature, have double coats, the under coat is thick fluffy and puffy especially around the neck area, but also soft. The over coat of these adorable poms is longer than the outer coat but it is much more coarse to the touch. Originally all Poms were all white like a wedding dress, but now they come in a wide range of colors like; black, orange, red, chocolate, cream, parti-colored, and sable.
Poms behavior and temperament
-This section is very important in guiding you, the prospective Poms buyer or adoptor that is your choice, in preparing you for what you will have. Poms are very intelligent, alert and extremely curious. They are quite small in size, so they won’t cause much fuss or muss in your house. Poms dog breed have moderate energy levels, which would qualify them perfectly to be a family pet with elderly people, family with children, or even quite busy dog owners. They are not very dependent on their owners, if you left them alone, but after training them well,, they would feed themselves and be good.
-However, Poms also have bad reputation of being feisty, rebellious, hard to train and sassy. And I am afraid to tell you, this is true. Poms dog breed despite their small cute size and adorable look, have a personality of a royal descendant indeed. They are very sassy, and they think of themselves as if they were in the size of a lion not a toy dog breed. That makes Poms dog breed a bit of trouble makers, they would engage in fights with bigger dogs, or provoke bigger ones thinking of themselves as equals. Be aware of that. This “big dog” syndrome should be tamed, put under good control and constant check.
Poms are also very loyal dogs, and more than often they would establish a connection with one person in the family or the household. This could be solved by involving more than one individual in training your poms, it also good to share duties and responsibility. A little help is good for everyone.
-These cute lovable Poms have competitive spirit and attention seeking problems. If you have multiple dogs, you should prepare yourself for a good training plan, also be prepared for your Poms to be making lots of troubles and mistakes to get your undivided attention.
Though it might be hard to believe, but Poms are very good watch dogs. This stems from a very bad feature which is aggressiveness towards strangers. Poms little size drive most Poms owners to holding them most of the time, cuddling them or letting them sit and play on their labs, from which their name as lab dog is derived. This unfortunately makes Poms dog breed unwelcoming of other people, they have deep, close and intimate relationship with one person, and this person represents the world to them. Any intruder is not welcomed by these Poms dog breed. You should allow socialization with other dogs and other people too as early as possible.
-A noteworthy, is that most Poms unless well prepared and accustomed to being left alone would suffer from separation anxiety. If their owner is not around, they freak out and may destroy your house. If this behavior is repeated, this may lead to depression. Don’t leave your Poms more than couple hours on daily basis. They are so good with children, if you have to leave for work and spend very long hours at work, let a child or a neighbor keep them company. Poms are known to be wonderful with children, but they have to be above 8 years old to keep these fragile vulnerable Poms safe from rough play or over tiring play.
-These are general character traits for Poms, but their temperament and behavior could be tamed and trained. Also keep in mind, that some other elements may affect their temperament and behavior like hereditary and socialization. Be open to what you can or can’t deal with when you are buying your Poms, to be prepared for most things.
Preparing the house for Poms
-If you ever heard that adopting or buying a new puppy is similar to having a new baby in the house, this is kind of true. Preparing your house for a new fragile little baby has some similarities with adopting a puppy. The differences would from day one your Poms Puppies are able to dig, jump, and scratch surfaces, and don’t forget about chewing stuff. So if adopting Poms or buying them is your first time in having a puppy, you will need some tips in preparing the house for the arrival of those Poms.
1- You will need to buy some tools like food and drink bowels. Bear in mind that those bowels that you need should be for small fogs. It is common with Poms puppies to hurt themselves extending and stretching their neck down to reach food or water. Shallow Plates are more preferable than deep bowels, but if not available go for bowels special for toy puppies.
2- Leash, collar, and a name tag with your Puppies name. If you like to add your phone number to the name tag, in case your Poms get lost, you can do that. One thing about leashes and collars is that you should opt for the one which has more space to it, with more than one notch to give you more time for its worth of money. Surely you will need couple of these tools, your Poms will outgrow them fast, but an adjustable leash and collar will give you more time.
3- Wide Comb and soft bristles brush. These tools are specific if you will busy Poms. Caring for Poms includes brushing their furry thick coat on daily basis. Also you might prepare good dog shampoo and conditioners to make bathing a nice experience for them. Couple of bath toys would be nice too for fun in the water.
4- If you don’t have a tub, you could buy small dog tub. Taking into consideration the size of your Poms even as full grown adults this tub won’t take up much space or cost a leg and an arm. Buy an affordable medium size dog tub. In hot summers you could use it as small swimming pool to cool your Poms down.
5- If you have garden or a backyard, consider lowering your tap or hoes to make it easier for your little Poms to drink more water in hot summer on their own.
6- Toys are your best friend in training your Poms. Prepare two boxes of chewable toys; introduce one to your Poms as a welcome gift to make them feel welcomed and at home. The second box, keep it hidden, and get out one toy at a time when training your Poms. Or when they chew something they most probably shouldn’t be chewing, replace it with one of these chewable toys.
7- Other precautions are to take is to keep everything dogs are not allowed to chew or consume on unreachable heights. Keep in mind that these Poms can dig and jump, so don’t leave any important cables, wires, possessions, shoes, or chocking items in their reach.
8- Keep forbidden food in closed cupboards along with detergents and cleaning harsh liquids like peroxide. Poms are not allowed to eat or consume dark chocolate, spices, corn or nuts.
Getting the best Poms
-Getting Poms is quite easy task; they are available in most if not all dog shelters and rescues. But these dog shelters may or may not be of clean genetic pool. They may be 50% Pomeranian, or even less. If the genetic purity does not concern you much, go ahead to adopt and save an innocent Poms lives, your heart will thank you for it. But with no judgment, if you are really concerned with your Poms Genetic purity and bloodline, you should buy from a registered reputable dog breeder. They know how to take good care of these little Poms.
Tips on getting the best Poms
1- First things first, always choose wisely you dog breeder. A registered reputable dog breeder is the best choice, they will only keep very good bloodline Poms, know how to rear and take good care of them, and will provide you with all the insurances, guarantees, and information you require.
2- Online purchasing is not the best path to follow in Poms purchasing. But let’s say it is the most convenient for you then be very cautious of the online scammers.
3- Ask for specifically required photos for example with your puppy Poms alone, or with their parents or from a certain angels. If this is a scammer, chances are he laid his hands on some Poms photos online or from dog breeders’ websites, any specific requirements for photos he won’t be able to fulfill.
4- A real visit to your Poms dog breeder’s home is a must, you have to study and inspect the intended Poms, their parenst, their surroundings, and environment. Certain information he won’t be able to get through photos, like how clean and up to hygiene standards is that Poms dog breeder, how crowded or spacious is their homes, how ventilated or clustered is the place?
5- You have to insist on seeing one of your Poms parents, or even better both parents. This will give you a better idea around how your Poms will grow like in behavior and physical appearance. Some Poms change their color as they grow older, their fur could get darker with age.
6- Ask your Poms dog breeder to provide you with the Poms, sire, and dame’s registration papers, certificates, and vaccination certificates too. And if your Poms are over 8 weeks, they should have completed their vaccination and have a certificate with that.
7- Ask if your Poms dog breeder microchipped these Poms or not? A good Dog breeder would want to identify his Poms as early as possible.
8- Ask him if he knows the exact weight of your Poms or not? Experienced Dog breeders pay close attention to their Poms size, and weigh them weekly.
9- Ask him to show you the diet sheet he is following. Experience dog breeders have a diet plan that they follow strictly and religiously. Also pay attention to the type of food they are choosing to feed your Poms, is it high quality or is it the cheapest worst dog food?
10- Ask about the vet they visit and recommend. Surely they have a trusted vet that they vest on regular basis. Get into contact with him to get all the updates about the health issues of your Poms and their parents before them. He will gladly provide you with a medical family history of your Poms.
11- While inspecting the dog breeder’s home for Poms, take a close look on the parents’ behavior, are they violent, do they have violent marks from violent fights or bad treatment, or from negligence? Are your Poms extremely shy or afraid? Are they hiding in the corner or engaging with other Poms? Are your Poms extremely hyperactive or violent with the other dogs? Moderation is the best, neither too shy nor too active. Shyness or violence is not the character trait your Poms will outgrow.
Mirror mirror on the wall what is the best Poms of them all
-When it comes to Poms dog breed you may have noticed that they are very popular as a purebred but also very popular as crossbred.
-The list of Poms crossbred goes from Husky dog breed resulting in the most adorable crossbred Pomsky. This crossbred has the size of Poms but the appearance of huskies. This breed offers an array of colors and markings such as Black, White, Grey, Brown, Red, Copper, Blue Merle, Wolf Sable, Blonde and much more. The typical coloring is white and grey famous wolf color. Their eye colors come also in wide range of colors, as Blue, green, amber and brown. And as a breed of two species known for their good and long fur, consequently Pomeranian huskies have beautiful long hair fur. The only down side with this crossbred would be the expensive price, Husky Poms price will never go below 1500-1000$ to say the least. And if you are lucky you would find a reputable dog breeder who has a slot on his long waiting list.
-Chihuahua Poms are a thing too. This crossbred combines the features of both sassy toy breeds, with their similar royal upbringing and status, small size, and cute irresistible needy clingy attitude. Together they are very lovable fabulous toy and purse dog with very loud barking.
-Corgi Poms: These are very common crossbred with Poms and Corgi dog breeds. A perfect match between the sassiness of the Poms and the obedience of the Corgis, they both have long beautiful coats so their offspring have double long hair coat. They both come in range of colors too. This is one of the easiest mixes with Poms to train.
-The list for mixes or crossbred with Poms goes on and on to Shih tzu Poms, Yorki Poms, pug poms, etc…
-However there is still one important type of Poms you should know about. Though they are not crossbreds they are not the typical Poms either. These are teacup or miniature Poms. These Poms never grow beyond the weight of 3 pounds as grown adults. Some dog lovers are really against the concept of teacup any dog breed not Poms specifically. Saying that the Process or the procedures followed to impregnate the little female Poms are inhuman and endangering the lives of these Poms.
-That is quite true. Some not very professional or human Poms breeders would try to starve the Poms to make them of smaller size, or to force impregnate them while they are still very young and very small in size. Consequently when the litter of Poms is formed within the belly of a small frame they won’t be able to grow as much as they should be. So the litter comes out not in a cute size but rather of a deficient size.
-On the other hand, supporters of the teacup or miniature Poms claim that these procedures are only followed or happen on the hands of inexperienced Poms breeders. And they take the historical evidence that Poms used to be of much bigger size, that some of the shrinking procedures and processes have been followed since the Victoria era successfully.
-This is true also. Poms went from the size of a sled dog of 30 pounds to the size of a toy dog below 7 pounds. And Victoria dog breeders were the ones who shrank up Poms size to the size we know today. And it could be true that only inexperienced greedy Poms breeders would harm these poms, while others follow more healthy not harmful approach or procedures.
-At the end this a personal decision which Poms you decide you want purebred Poms or crossbred/ miniature or full size? Just follow you heart and pick the dog closest to your heart.
Feeding your Poms
– Poms devour bigger food proportions than expected for dogs in their size. Normally Poms weigh from 3 to 7 pounds, but being the devouring eaters they are, they could gain more weight. Chubby Poms are so cute they are irresistible, but their small short legs and feet can’t handle this weight. Sometimes it leads to serious health issues.
– Some owners of Poms follow the free feeding way, which is keeping food and drink bowel full at all times. To do so, you have to add fillers to your puppies’ food, to prevent extra weight gain.
– Poms as mentioned are toy dog breed they are very sensitive in external structure and internally in their digestive system. Fillers help them feel full without gaining weight, like the diet pills humans take to trick their bodies into feeling full without eating. Yet, those fillers are dangerous as they won’t add any benefit to your dog and might hurt their digestive tract. The digestive system of Poms can recognize food and nutrients to absorb, by adding fillers you confuse your Poms to kick these fillers out as they are, and might lead to bloody stool.
– Free feeding could be suitable for busy owners of Poms, yet it is not recommended.
– A controlled well planned feeding meal for Poms should be 3 to 4 times a day before the age of 6 months, and 2 to 3 times a day after the age of 6 months.
Cooking for your Poms :
As any proud mother of Poms home cooked meals are the best options. Cheap dog food may not contain all the nutrients your Poms need. Premium dog foods are always very expensive and would add a load of costs on your monthly budget, in addition to the fact that most of them are not really that beneficiary to your Poms.
– Balanced home cooked meals are the best both for your Poms and your budget.
– Suggested home cooked menu for your Poms could include chicken breasts, chicken thighs, kidneys, livers, fish, red meat, rice (both brown and white), and vegetables are very good for your Poms.
– Consulting your vet on the best feeding plan, products and meals for your Poms in accordance with their size, type and physical needs would be ideal
– Don’t be tempted to feed your Poms leftovers from your table, this breed especially is very prone to dental problems as will be discussed later on.
– Wet vs dry food battle for Poms is resolved with the win of dry food of course, but if your Poms hate dry food you can trick them by adding beef with low percentage of salt, or some chicken stew as Pomeranian.org suggests.
– Don’t forget supplements too, Poms need supplements to compensate for lack of some nutrients in the diet.
Training your Poms:
-Training your Poms consist of two parts; obedience and house training. For obedience, Poms have what is so well known as small dog syndrome, they are very tiny in size but with huge personalities. Some dog experts say this syndrome is a result of being carried most of the time by their owners, so the tiny dog or in your case tiny cute small Poms see other dogs from a higher position, thinking they are much bigger than they actually are. They are easy to train as they are desperately eager for pleasing their owners. Poms only need routine, consistency, and patience, and you have an easy ride with them for the next 15 years and more hopefully.
Poms obedience lessons
– Early clue in training your Poms; don’t carry them all the time. It’s very tempting and irresistible as they give you this magic puppy look. Do it often but not always.
– First lesson in training your Poms is routine. Dogs can only understand anything through repetitive behavior patterns. This applies to everything from feeding them in regular times, deciding playing times, and training as well.
– Start slow with your Poms before the age of 8 weeks, but set boundaries. Let them know you are the alpha leader. Dogs used to live in packs, and as far as they know, your family is their pack. If you didn’t establish yourself as the Alpha leader, they might rise to claim that title and vacant position. Making their training a hell of a task, as you hear many dog owners claiming their dogs clearly understand every demand, but refuse or obstinate from obeying. They are absolutely right, their dogs understand, but feel no obligation in obeying them. So in the first weeks, establish your leadership with your Poms.
– Teach them words as “No”, “stop”, “good boy”, “sit”, and “come” in the very first weeks. Poms are very intelligent and can understand many words. Getting the hold of these demands would take some time, be patient but you always have to introduce them very early. Later on you can introduce time out, and treats training, in the beginning just start with these simple demands. As your Poms get to know and study their new home and surroundings, these demands map out their boundaries and limits.
– Confinement is one of the lessons you need to set very strictly, confine them to their designated sleeping areas or beds. Don’t spoil them and allowing them to sleep in your bed, as many dog owners do. Yes, sleeping next to fluffy, soft and cute fur ball of Poms is intoxicating but set the rules and limits in the beginning and after that change what you need to change.
– By turning 3 months your Poms should be
• Crate trained or confined to certain designated area
• Be prepared to be touched and introduced to people
• Understand that you are the Alpha leader of this pack
• Walk on a leash.
• Obeying simple orders as “sit”, “no” and comes when he’s called by his name.
House breaking of Poms:
A problem you may face with Poms is urination. Young as they are, they have young bladder and their control over it takes them sometime to learn. Poms are prone to what is called “excitement urination” in which these puppies may slip some pee on your lap when they get excited or happy. Don’t worry they will outgrow this phase.
– Once you get your Poms to your home, take them to the potty designated area once they wake up, after every meal, before they go to bed, and every two hours. This will teach them to make the connection between their bladder and bowel movement with this area.
– Accidents will always happen at the beginning, Poms are smart but their bladders are small and hard to control too. Keep that in mind and be prepared for it.
– In the case of an accident, don’t scream, yell or raise your voice. Your high pitched voice may be the reason for the violent behavior and nervousness of your Poms. Stay calm and take them immediately to their designated potty area. Remember they count on you as the alpha leader of the pack, a leader fixes and doesn’t lose his calm or grip over the situation.
– Clean the mess right away, your Poms could smell the spot where they peed earlier to pee again, so make sure to wipe out and destroy the traces of pee smell. White vinegar is best odor cleaner and always available at your home and local store.
– If you chose to keep your Poms in a crate or on a newspaper at the beginning, a good learning trick would be taking this newspaper to the designated potty area. Simple connection will be established with peeing and the new potty area.
– Pee pads could be a nice start for you instead of crate, as it will function as a confinement area. Pee pads are not the best but they are ideal for owners of Poms or small puppies who reside in very cold climates in which peeing outside is cruel for the this tiny creature during harsh winter months.
– Don’t leave your Poms without supervision or monitoring especially at the beginning. Their peeing would take a second, and you might not catch it right away, so your house will end up smelling like Puppies pee, I assure you it is not a very good smell.
– When your Poms get it right, all rewards are legit for honoring this glorious moment. Give them many cuddles and shower them with praises. A new toy or sweet treats are always a plus.
– Poms are very friendly dogs, but if they are not used to meeting new people they might turn out to be shy or aggressive towards strangers. Make sure they finished their vaccination before any starting socialization with other dogs. Something to look out for is never let them play with bigger dogs in the dog park; as previously mentioned Poms have small dog syndrome they will engage in fights or provoke much bigger and fiercer dogs thinking with their huge ego and personality they are all on the same strength level.
– Don’t let them alone for long time periods or with children under 8 years old Poms as other toy dogs breed very vulnerable and young kids would either get them so excited or hurt them with harsh playing.
– A suggestion for socialization would be dog parks after vaccinations of course, or obedience classes if you can afford them.
Your Poms will need much time and attention for their beautiful double coats. Grooming will be a rewarding bonding time between both of you.
– Never ever shave your Poms in hot weather; you can only trim long unruly hairs. Once the undercoat is shaved it may not grow back again. Poms appreciate their precious coats many owners of Poms have shared the drastic psychological effects of shaving their puppies’ coats. Poms feel like they lost what makes them special and beautiful.
– Brushing your Poms two or three times a week is a must, daily would be ideal. To avoid knots and tangles. Also daily brushing heats up the skin and stimulates it to secrete oils that soften the hairs and keep it shiny and moisturized.
– Use wide comb and soft bristle brush to groom your Poms.
– Don’t groom dry coat, either groom and brush it after bath, or section the coat and add leave in moisturizing leave in conditioner to every section before you brush.
– Shaving the hair on your Poms rear is recommended, as feces could get stuck and stain it.
– Trimming the nails of your Poms is very important. If you have no experience in trimming dogs’ nails, professional trim is not expensive and safer. If you choose to trim your Poms yourself, be careful as they have a vein in their nails that you might cut accidentally.
– Declawing your Poms is a personal choice and not related to any health benefit or harm.
– Get used to shedding as Poms are heavy shedders and more in females than males, especially after their heat and pregnancy.
Exercise requirements for Poms
-Poms are perfect for stay at home lovers or apartment dwellers. They are very small in size and don’t create such a fuss. Short daily walks are recommended and running at home could be considered exercise on your busy days. But prepare a good stack of interesting dog toys to keep them busy and away from your valuable possessions.
Health problems of Poms
Poms don’t have specific breed related diseases. However they are exposed to any dog diseases especially the ones that affect toy dog breeds such as:
– Hypoglycemia: this is low blood sugar in animals and more common in toy dogs. If your Poms look like they are drowsy and sleepy but you can’t revive them from this state, instantly honey on their gum and under their tongues. Take them to the vet to diagnose the reasons.
– Hip displacement
– It is what it actually sounds. Toy dogs have very fragile skeleton and hips in particular. Often times when your Poms get super excited he jumps up and down repeatedly. This might endanger his knee or hip causing a displacement.
– Collapsed trachea: This is also common with many toy dogs. Don’t tighten up the leash or pull too hard if your Poms are attracted to the other side.
– Eye problems: Poms dog breed is exposed to many eye problems, such as dry eye or cataract. Pay attention to him if see him pumping into walls more than usual, any inflammation or redness around his eyes, or any swelling all these might be signs to eye problems in yourPoms.
Pay attention to any sudden change in his appetite or allergies towards food to catch any problem as earliest as possible